Click on the link below for the papers (in Korean).
Interesting stuff from Page 20.
This shows that domestic adoption in Korea is really quite high and has outpaced overseas adoption for quite some time. (This is important to know for people who say that Koreans don’t adopt their own!) The reason why you haven’t seen that information before is because it has not been reported to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, which is where the overseas adoption agencies are reporting and which is the ministry that people involved with overseas adoption rely on for stats. Here Dr. Lee Mi-jeong has added the private law stats along with the ministry stats. Check this out! (This is my unskillful translation again, so corrections are welcome. To keep it straight who wrote what (me or Lee Mi-jeong from KWDI, I will set my own comments apart in purple. )
<Chart Ⅰ-8> Private law almanac and health ministry’s yearly numbers on domestic and overseas adoptees
|YEAR||Number of Adoptees||YEAR||Number of Adoptees|
|private law /||ministry||private law /||ministry|
Data: Office of Court Administration “Private Law Almanac” 1976-2009, ministry of health and welfare, Present total of adoption 2008.
Note: According to the 2005 revision of the civil law, the existing adoption system became separate from the 친 (real child) adoption system. This system was enforced according to the additional rule Jan. 1 2008. The 2008 private law almanac divides adoptees into 부통 (regular) adoption 입양특례 (special) adoption, and 친 real child adoption.
So there appear to be three kinds of domestic adoption that are recognized in Korea: Regular, special, and for lack of a better word, real. I need to figure out exactly what are the distinctions between the three.
Dr. Lee made a chart of her estimate of where kids born out of wedlock go every year. You can look at the original on page 22. As you can see, there is a certain number of kids born every year that we don’t know where they go!
|Ⓐ babies born outside marriage||10,017||11,021||11,779||12,185||11,447||9,112|
|Ⓑ birth statistic||7,259||8,304||8,799||9,272||8,748||6,290|
|Ⓒ unwed mothers’ baby who was adopted||2,758||2,717||2,980||2,913||2,699||2,822|
|Ⓓ being raised by mom||651||727||789||829||790||638|
|Ⓐbabies born outside marriage||7,278||7,766||8,338||9,246||9,192||8,892|
|Ⓒ unwed mothers’ baby who was adopted||3,082||3,338||3,622||3,706||3,862||3,708|
|Ⓓ being raised by mom||517||559||692||795||1,011||1,438|
|Ⓔ UNCONFIRMED CHILD||3,679||3,869||4,024||4,745||4,319||3,746|
|Ⓐ babies born outside marriage||9,546||9,623||9,623||9,706||10,070||10,533|
|Ⓑ birth statistic||6,082||6,116||6,459||6,805||7,774||8,363|
|Ⓒ unwed mothers’ baby who was adopted||3,464||3,507||3,164||2,901||2,296||2,170|
|Ⓓ being raised by mom||2,038||2,553||3,050||3,077||3,192||3,339|
|Ⓔ UNCONFIRMED CHILD||4,044||3,563||3,409||3,728||4,582||5,024|
Some people think that those kids must be “secretly” adopted. It appears that secret adoption is not going through any kind of legal process, but simply written on the birth registration record that you can see on Dr. Lee’s page 12.The secret adoption would be the Korean horror story of “pregnant unwed mother walks in one door, gives birth; married couple walks in other door, takes baby home; unwed mother goes home alone; adoptee finds out in adulthood and commits suicide.”
Estimate by Year of the Whereabouts of Unconfirmed Kids
|Ⓔ unconfirmed kids||6,608||7,577||8,010||8,443||7,958||5,652|
|domestically adopted through court||2,568||3,061||4,227||2,791||2,043||2,010|
|foster care protection||999||1,212||943||927||505||727|
|Ⓔ unconfirmed kids||3,679||3,869||4,024||4,745||4,319||3,746|
|domestically adopted through court||2,248||2,572||2,713||2,777||2,864||2,423|
|foster care protection||1,209||2,353||1,249||1,406||3,090||2,177|
|Ⓔ unconfirmed kids||4,044||3,563||3,409||3,728||4,582||5,024|
|domestically adopted through court||2,198||2,562||3,154||3,890||3,853||4,034|
|foster care protection||2,392||2,212||2,322||3,101||3,378||-|
Data: The office of the court domestic adoption – private law almanac. Each year and foster care protection and facility protection – Ministry of Health Welfare and Family, Present adoption statistics, report on present child protection 2008.
Note: Out of the the ministry’s domestic adoption numbers, 2.5%-3.8% can be estimated as registered as having gone through court administration to be registered as a domestic adoption. Outside of that, secret adoptions are not estimated.
주:보건복지가족부의 국내입양 건수 중 약 2.5%~3.8% 정도는 입양신고하여 법원행정처 국내입양 건수로 추계되나 그 외에는 비밀입양으로 추계되고 있지 않음. <– I couldn’t understand this sentence well. Help!
The numbers don’t add up so I suppose this reflects the fact that some children may be counted twice because they are in foster care or a facility and are later adopted. That’s my guess. Well, this whole thing is an estimate anyway because the government doesn’t keep track of people well enough.
I think the only thing I can say here with 100% surety is that there needs to be better record-keeping in hospitals for birth registration and a more rigorous and honest way of tracking where children go so they don’t “disappear.”